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J Biol Chem. 1998 Sep 4;273(36):23454-62.

Identification and characterization of a novel tissue-specific transcriptional activating element in the 5'-flanking region of the CYP2A3 gene predominantly expressed in rat olfactory mucosa.

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  • 1Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health and the Department of Environmental Health and Toxicology, School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany, New York 12201-0509, USA.

Abstract

CYP2A3 is expressed preferentially in rat olfactory mucosa and is believed to play important roles in maintaining cellular homeostasis in the chemosensory tissue. DNase I footprinting analysis revealed a single protected region in the proximal promoter of the CYP2A3 gene with nuclear extracts from olfactory mucosa, but not from liver, lung, kidney, or brain. The core sequence of the binding site, named the nasal predominant transcriptional activating (NPTA) element, is similar to that of nuclear factor 1, but it interacted with unique proteins detected only in the olfactory mucosa in electrophoretic mobility shift assays or on Southwestern blots. The NPTA element is conserved in rat CYP2A3, mouse Cyp2a5, and human CYP2A6 genes and was found to be essential for transcriptional activity of the CYP2A3 promoter in in vitro transcription assays. NPTA-binding proteins were detectable at day 1 and were much more abundant at day 8 than at day 60 after birth. Furthermore, their levels decreased dramatically during chemically induced degeneration of the olfactory epithelium, paralleling the disappearance of CYP2A3 protein, and rebounded to higher than pretreatment levels during recovery. Thus, we have identified a novel transcriptional activation element potentially responsible for the olfactory mucosa-predominant expression of the CYP2A3 gene in rats and orthologous genes in mice and humans.

PMID:
9722582
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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