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Hypertension. 1998 Aug;32(2):223-7.

Effect of genetic deficiency of angiotensinogen on the renin-angiotensin system.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine II, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.


This study examined expression of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) component mRNAs in angiotensinogen gene knockout (Atg-/-) mice. Wild-type (Atg+/+) and Atg-/- mice were fed a normal-salt (0.3% NaCl) or high-salt (4% NaCl) diet for 2 weeks. Angiotensinogen, renin, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II type la receptor (AT1A), and angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2) mRNA levels were measured by Northern blot analysis. In Atg+/+ mice, activities of circulating RAS and renal angiotensinogen mRNA level were decreased by salt loading, whereas levels of renal and cardiac ACE; renal, brain, and cardiac AT1A; and brain and cardiac AT2 mRNA were increased by salt loading. Although activities of circulating RAS were not detected in Atg-/- mice, salt loading increased blood pressure in Atg-/- mice. In Atg-/- mice, renal renin mRNA level was decreased by salt loading; in contrast, salt loading increased renal AT1A and cardiac AT2 mRNA levels in Atg-/- mice, and these activated levels in Atg-/- mice were higher than those in Atg+/+ mice fed the high-salt diet. Thus, expression of each component of the RAS is regulated in a tissue-specific manner that is distinct from other components of systemic and local RAS and that appears to be mediated by a mechanism other than changes in the circulating or tissue levels of angiotensin peptides.

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