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Mycoses. 1998;41 Suppl 1:61-70.

[Use of fluconazole in children less than 1 year old: review].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Klinik und Poliklinik für Kinderheilkunde, Technische Universität Dresden, Deutschland.

Abstract

For this review, 78 publications for use of fluconazole in children below 1 year of age were evaluated with a total of 726 patients. The range of fluconazole dosage was 2-50 mg/kg/day with 162 days as maximum duration of treatment. According to the present experience, fluconazole seems to be an efficacious and well tolerated therapy against systemic candidosis and candidemia in children below 1 year of age, including neonates and very low birth-weight infants (VLBWI). The recommended daily dosage is 6 mg/kg. In patients with impaired renal function, the daily dose should be reduced in accordance with the guidelines given for adults. In neonates during the first two weeks of life, this dosage should be administered only every 72 hours. In weeks two to four of life, the same dose should be given every 48 hours. After that daily dosing is appropriate. This posology is derived from the age-related pharmacokinetics of fluconazole with a higher volume of distribution and a prolonged plasma elimination half life especially during the first month of life. Drug monitoring during treatment should be performed to ensure therapeutic plasma concentrations of fluconazole within a range between 4 and 20 micrograms/ml. The benefit of fluconazole should be investigated in prospective studies for treatment of systemic candidosis with administration of higher dosages as well as for early empiric therapy in VLBWI.

PMID:
9717389
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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