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Microsc Res Tech. 1998 Jul 1;42(1):2-12.

Combined fluorescent and gold immunoprobes: reagents and methods for correlative light and electron microscopy.

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  • 1Nanoprobes, Inc., Stony Brook, New York 11790-3350, USA.


Immunoprobes which incorporate both a fluorescent label and a 1.4 nm gold cluster compound were prepared by covalent conjugation to Fab' antibody fragments of the Nanogold cluster label followed by a fluorescent moiety. These new immunoconjugates allow the collection of two complementary sets of data, from fluorescence and electron microscopy, from a single labeling experiment. By using Fab' fragments, the entire probe is smaller than a whole IgG molecule. A simple fluorescence assay was used to investigate the fluorescence properties of the new probes. They were used to localize the pre-mRNA splicing factor SC35 in the HeLa cell nucleus by both fluorescence and electron microscopy, and also for labeling leukocyte microtubules; labeling was imaged using fluorescence microscopy and, after silver enhancement, by a variety of optical methods and by electron microscopy. Combined Nanogold and Texas Red, Cy3, Lissamine Rhodamine B, and AMCA probes were also prepared, and in preliminary experiments show similar properties to the combined fluorescein and gold cluster probes. The fluorescent and gold cluster probes enable a new degree of correlation between fluorescence and electron microscopy, and may also be used to check labeling of specimens before processing for electron microscopy.

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