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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998 Aug;30(8):1191-7.

Assessment of energy expenditure in overweight women.

Author information

  • 1UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland. mikael.fogelholm@uta.fi

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare field measures of average daily energy expenditure (ADEE) against criterion data by the doubly labeled water method (DLW) in overweight women.

METHODS:

The subject were 20 overweight (BMI 29.9 +a- 3.0 kg.m-2) premenopausal women. Energy expenditure was measured by DLW and by the factorial method (activity diary, two techniques differing by method to obtain resting energy expenditure, REE), heart-rate monitoring (HR, two techniques differing by the FLEX-point to discriminate sedentary and activity HR), accelerometer, and pedometer.

RESULTS:

The ADEE(DLW) was 10.26 +a- 1.1 MJ.d-1. The mean bias (ADEE by the alternative minus ADEE(DLW) was smallest for the accelerometer (+ 0.08 +a- 1.63 MJ) and HR-FLEX10 (+ 0.11 +a- 1.67 MJ). The HR-FLEX(0) technique (lower FLEX-point) overestimated ADEE by + 1.18 (+a- 1.97 MJ). However, the random error (SD of bias) was smaller for both factorial techniques (REE measured: -0.48 +2- 0.81 MJ; REE calculated from the WHO equation: -0.22 +2- 0.88 MJ).

CONCLUSION:

The results show that simple factorial methods may assess ADEE with small random errors in population with a rather narrow range of physical activity. The accelerometer and HR with the higher FLEX-point have comparable results with smaller bias but larger random error compared with the factorial techniques.

PMID:
9710856
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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