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EMBO J. 1998 Aug 17;17(16):4837-47.

The formation of respiratory chain complexes in mitochondria is under the proteolytic control of the m-AAA protease.

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  • 1Institut für Physiologische Chemie der Universität München, Goethestrasse 33, 80336 München, Germany.

Abstract

Yta10p (Afg3p) and Yta12p (Rcal1p), members of the conserved AAA family of ATPases, are subunits of the mitochondrial m-AAA protease, an inner membrane ATP-dependent metallopeptidase. Deletion of YTA10 or YTA12 impairs degradation of non-assembled inner membrane proteins and assembly of respiratory chain complexes. Mutations of the proteolytic sites in either YTA10 or YTA12 have been shown to inhibit proteolysis of membrane-integrated polypeptides but not the respiratory competence of the cells, suggesting additional activities of Yta10p and Yta12p. Here we demonstrate essential proteolytic functions of the m-AAA protease in the biogenesis of the respiratory chain. Cells harbouring proteolytically inactive forms of both Yta10p and Yta12p are respiratory deficient and exhibit a pleiotropic phenotype similar to Deltayta10 and Deltayta12 cells. They show deficiencies in expression of the intron-containing mitochondrial genes COX1 and COB. Splicing of COX1 and COB transcripts is impaired in mitochondria lacking m-AAA protease, whilst transcription and translation can proceed in the absence of Yta10p or Yta12p. The function of the m-AAA protease appears to be confined to introns encoding mRNA maturases. Our results reveal an overlapping substrate specificity of the subunits of the m-AAA protease and explain the impaired assembly of respiratory chain complexes by defects in expression of intron-containing genes in mitochondria lacking m-AAA protease.

PMID:
9707443
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1170813
Free PMC Article
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