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Anesth Analg. 1998 Aug;87(2):284-91.

The effects of increased doses of bovine hemoglobin on hemodynamics and oxygen transport in patients undergoing preoperative hemodilution for elective abdominal aortic surgery.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, University of Cologne, Germany.

Abstract

In two consecutive studies (Study A and Study B), we evaluated the effects of increasing doses of HBOC-201, a bovine hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier, on hemodynamics and oxygen transport in patients undergoing preoperative hemodilution for elective abdominal aortic surgery. After the induction of anesthesia and the exchange of 1 L of blood for 1 L of lactated Ringer's solution, 24 patients (12 in each study) were randomly assigned to receive, within 30 min, a predetermined volume of either HBOC-201 or 6% hydroxyethyl starch (Study A 6.9 mL/kg; Study B 9.2 mL/kg). Monitored variables included systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures, arterial and mixed venous blood gases, and calculations of cardiac index (CI), systemic (SVRI) and pulmonary (PVRI) vascular resistance indices, oxygen delivery index (DO2I), oxygen consumption index (VO2I), and oxygen extraction ratio (O2ER). In both studies, the infusion of HBOC-201 was associated with increases in SVRI (Study A 121%; Study B 71%) and PVRI (Study A 70%; Study B 53%) and with a decrease in CI (29% both studies). Hemodilution with HBOC-201 maintained the arterial oxygen content at levels higher than hemodilution with hydroxyethyl starch, but the advantage of a greater oxygen-carrying capacity was offset by the increase in SVRI, with a resulting net decrease in both CI and DO2I (Study A 30%; Study B 28%); VO2I was maintained by increased O2ER. In terms of hemodynamics and oxygen transport, hemodilution with bovine hemoglobin in these doses provided no apparent benefit over hemodilution with hydroxyethyl starch.

IMPLICATIONS:

Bovine hemoglobin in doses ranging between 55 and 97 g of hemoglobin increased vascular resistance and decreased cardiac output in anesthetized surgical patients. In terms of hemodynamics and oxygen transport, hemodilution with bovine hemoglobin in these doses provided no apparent benefit over hemodilution with hydroxyethyl starch.

PMID:
9706917
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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