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J Physiol. 1998 Sep 1;511 ( Pt 2):587-97.

The regulation of lung liquid absorption by endogenous cAMP in postnatal sheep lungs perfused in situ.

Author information

  • 1Department of Child Health, St George's Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.

Abstract

1. The lungs of two groups of lambs aged 0-2 weeks and 6-12 weeks were artificially perfused in situ with warmed and oxygenated sheep blood. The airspaces of the lungs were filled with liquid containing an impermeant tracer to allow estimation of net liquid movement across the pulmonary epithelium at rest and after administration of certain drugs. 2. Dibutyryl cAMP (dB-cAMP, 10-4 M) stimulated the rate of lung liquid (LL) absorption in the lungs of four neonatal sheep aged 9-12 days, from -1.43 +/- 0.2 to -2.75 +/- 0.3 ml h-1 (kg body wt)-1 (P < 0.05, comparison of regression lines by Student's t test), but had no effect in four juvenile sheep aged 6-12 weeks (P > 0.10). 3. Theophylline, a non-selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor (5 x 10-4 M), increased LL absorption from a resting rate of -1.55 +/- 0.3 to -3.62 +/- 0.5 ml h-1 kg-1 in the lungs of four sheep aged 1-12 days and from -1.47 +/- 0.3 to -3.73 +/- 0.4 ml h-1 kg-1 in four sheep aged 6-12 weeks (P < 0.05, Student's paired t test). 4. The beta-adrenergic antagonist sotalol (10-4 M) reduced LL absorption rate from -1.47 +/- 0.1 to -1.22 +/- 0.1 ml h-1 kg-1 (P < 0.01) in the lungs of four sheep aged 4-13 days, while theophylline given after sotalol had no effect. In four sheep aged 6-12 weeks, sotalol had no effect on LL absorption rate, whereas theophylline given after sotalol increased LL absorption rate from -1.06 +/- 0.1 to -1.92 +/- 0.2 ml h-1 kg-1 (P < 0.05). 5. The A1/A2 purinergic receptor blocker 7-(beta-chloroethyl) theophylline (CET; given at 5 x 10-6 M and 10-4 M) had no effect on LL absorption rate in the lungs of four sheep aged 6-12 weeks, confirming that theophylline produced its effect of increasing LL absorption by inhibiting PDE hydrolytic activity. 6. The selective PDE IV (cAMP-specific) PDE inhibitor rolipram was given in the perfused lungs of seven sheep aged 6-12 weeks at doses between 10-8 and 10-4 M, increasing LL absorption rate at concentrations of 10-6 M and above; the half-maximal effective concentration was estimated to be 5.9 x 10-7 M. 7. Rolipram (10-5 M) increased LL absorption rate from -1.99 +/- 0.2 to -3.18 +/- 0.5 ml h-1 kg-1 in the perfused lungs of four sheep aged 6-11 days, and from -1.21 +/- 0.4 to -3.45 +/- 0.3 ml h-1 kg-1 in the perfused lungs of four sheep aged 6-12 weeks (P < 0.05). Sotalol (10-4 M) reduced LL absorption rate from -3.39 +/- 0.8 to -2. 18 +/- 0.4 ml h-1 kg-1 (P < 0.05) in four sheep aged 10-14 days, while rolipram given after sotalol had no effect. In four sheep aged 6-12 weeks, sotalol had no effect on resting LL absorption rate, whereas rolipram given after sotalol increased absorption rate from -1.27 +/- 0.1 to -2.02 +/- 0.6 ml h-1 kg-1 (P < 0.05). 8. We conclude that cAMP mediates a component of LL absorption postnatally, and that while beta-adrenergic stimulation was the sole source of endogenous cAMP in neonates, this was not the case in juveniles, in whom cAMP originated, at least in part, from other sources.

PMID:
9706033
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2231140
Free PMC Article

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