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J Clin Oncol. 1998 Aug;16(8):2722-7.

Treatment of patients with transitional-cell carcinoma of the urothelial tract with ifosfamide, paclitaxel, and cisplatin: a phase II trial.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.



A phase II trial of ifosfamide, paclitaxel, and cisplatin (ITP) was conducted in previously untreated patients with advanced transitional-cell carcinoma (TCC) to assess its efficacy and toxicity.


Thirty patients with metastatic or unresectable TCC were treated with ifosfamide 1.5 g/m2/d for 3 days with paclitaxel 200 mg/m2 over 3 hours and cisplatin 70 mg/m2 on day 1 of each 28-day treatment cycle. Therapy was continued for a maximum of six cycles. Prophylactic hematopoietic growth factor (recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [rhG-CSF]) was given on days 6 to 17 of each cycle.


Twenty-three of 29 assessable patients (79%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 60% to 92%) demonstrated a major response (six complete [CR] and 17 partial [PR]) with response durations that ranged from 5 to 24+ months. Five patients with T4 bladder primary tumors had a major response, two with pathologic CR. At a median follow-up duration of 17.9 months, nine (31%) patients remain disease-free (range, 10+ to 24+). Hematologic toxicity included anemia, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia; febrile neutropenia was observed in 17% of patients and 4% of cycles. No grade 4 nonhematologic toxicity was observed. Grade 3 nonhematologic toxicity included alopecia, allergy (3%), renal insufficiency (13%), and neuropathy (10%). Dose reductions or drug omissions were necessary for adverse events in seven (23%) patients.


ITP is an active, well-tolerated regimen in previously untreated patients with TCC of the urothelial tract. Further study of this regimen in patients with both TCC and non-transitional-cell urothelial tumors is ongoing.

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