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Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Aug;68(2):296-302.

Effect of dietary macronutrient composition on tissue-specific lipoprotein lipase activity and insulin action in normal-weight subjects.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA.


The effects of macronutrient composition on fasting and postprandial activities of adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (ATLPL) and skeletal muscle LPL (SMLPL) and on insulin sensitivity (S(I)) were studied in 25 normal-weight subjects. Each subject was fed a high-carbohydrate (HC) diet for 16 d and a high-fat (HF) diet for 16 d, in randomized order. On day 15 of each diet, biopsies for ATLPL and SMLPL were done in the fasted state and 6 h postprandially. On day 16 of each diet, a euglycemic clamp was used to measure S(I). There was no effect of diet composition on fasting ATLPL or SMLPL. With both diets and in both tissues, LPL increased significantly from fasting to 6 h postprandially. In adipose tissue only there was a significant difference between the 2 diets in LPL meal response (HC >HF, P = 0.024). There was no effect of diet composition on S(I). After the HC diet only, there were significant correlations between fasting SMLPL and S(I), but not ATLPL. After the HF diet, associations between insulin action and LPL were evident only in the postprandial state. In summary, 16 d of HC compared with HF feeding in normal-weight subjects increased the responsiveness of ATLPL to an HC compared with an HF meal. However, the same diets had no effect on fasting ATLPL or SMLPL, the responsiveness of SMLPL to a meal, or S(I). These data suggest that in normal-weight subjects habitual dietary carbohydrate intake may have a stronger effect on subcutaneous fat storage than does dietary fat intake.

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