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Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1998 Jul-Aug;20(4):441-8.

Methamphetamine-induced dopamine and serotonin reductions in neostriatum are not gender specific in rats with comparable hyperthermic responses.

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  • 1Children's Hospital Research Foundation and Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA.


Methamphetamine (MA)-induced monoamine depletions in male and female Sprague-Dawley CD rats were studied under conditions in which the magnitude of MA-induced hyperthermia was comparable between the sexes. MA (5 or 10 mg/kg) or saline (3 ml/kg) was administered SC four times at 2-h intervals. Animals were sacrificed 3 days posttreatment for the determination of dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), and metabolites. MA induced significant monoamine reductions but the magnitude of these reductions was not significantly different between males and females. In the MA 5 mg/kg groups, neostriatal DA content was reduced by 51.2% and 44.8%, whereas 5-HT content was reduced by 30.6% and 23.9% of controls for males and females, respectively. In the MA 10 mg/kg groups, neostriatal DA content was reduced by 72.9% and 65.8%, whereas striatal 5-HT content was reduced by 77.4% and 73.6% of controls for males and females, respectively. No significant differences in thermal responses to MA were observed between genders. Unlike reports in mice, gender does not play a role in MA-induced monoamine reductions in rat neostriatum when MA-induced hyperthermia is comparable across sexes. The data also showed a threshold effect in which dopamine depletions were not correlated with hyperthermia at core body temperatures above approximately 41 degrees C.

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