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Health Psychol. 1998 Jul;17(4):371-5.

Physical symptoms, distress, and breast cancer risk perceptions in women with benign breast problems.

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  • 1Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington 40536-0086, USA.


Physical symptoms, general and breast cancer-specific distress, and perceived breast cancer risk were assessed in 66 women with benign breast problems (BBP) and 66 age-matched healthy comparison (HC) women. BBP women reported significantly greater worry about breast cancer than HC women. Breast symptom incidence and breast cancer risk perceptions were found to mediate group differences in breast cancer worry. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that perceptions of control over a potential breast cancer prognosis moderate the impact of breast symptoms on reports of breast cancer worry. Implications for risk counseling with BBP women are discussed.

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