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Blood. 1998 Aug 15;92(4):1199-205.

Multiple forms of the SH2-containing inositol phosphatase, SHIP, are generated by C-terminal truncation.

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  • 1Terry Fox Laboratory, B.C. Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.


The SH2-containing inositol phosphatase, SHIP, often appears as multiple bands in anti-SHIP immunoblots. To characterize these bands, antisera were generated against the N-terminal (anti-N), mid-region (anti-M), and C-terminal (anti-C) portions of SHIP. Immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting studies showed that 145-, 135-, 125-, and 110-kD bands were detected in lysates from the murine hematopoietic cell line, DA-ER, with either anti-N or anti-M antisera, whereas only the 145- and 135-kD bands were recognized by the anti-C antiserum. This finding suggested that the smaller proteins might be C-terminal truncations of the full-length SHIP. To confirm this and determine if these proteins arose through alternate splicing or posttranslational cleavage, a 5'-hemagglutin (HA)-tagged full-length SHIP cDNA was expressed in these cells. We observed, via Western analysis with anti-HA antibodies, the same 4 bands with either anti-N or anti-M and only the 145- and 135-kD bands with anti-C immunoprecipitation. After interleukin-3 stimulation of HA-SHIP-expressing DA-ER cells, only the 145-kD form coprecipitated with Shc, raising the possibility that different forms of SHIP may have distinct intracellular sites. This was confirmed by subcellular fractionation, which showed that only the 110-kD form is present in the cytoskeleton of DA-ER cells. This 110-kD form possesses the same PIP3 5-ptase activity as the 145-kD form and can be generated from the latter in vitro by digestion with calpain. It is therefore possible that the different forms of SHIP are generated in vivo by calpain-mediated C-terminal truncations and perform distinct functions within hematopoietic cells.

Copyright 1998 by The American Society of Hematology.

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