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Oncogene. 1998 Jul 23;17(3):395-400.

Loss of heterozygosity for the short arm of chromosome 7 in sporadic Wilms tumour.

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  • 1Hematology Oncology Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, UK.


Cytogenetic analysis of Wilms tumours (WT) have shown that abnormalities involving chromosome 7 occur in approximately 25% of tumours. In some cases, these abnormalities involve deletions of the short arm, and are seen as the sole cytogenetic change, strongly suggesting the presence of a tumour suppressor gene in this location. Since loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies have been crucial in defining chromosomal regions involved in Wilms tumorigenesis, we have analysed 40 sporadic Wilms tumours using a panel of 10 microsatellite polymorphic markers distributed along the length of the chromosome arm. In our series, four tumours (10%) showed allelic loss for 7p markers which is twice the background rate of LOH in WT. The shortest common region of overlap of LOH was located between markers D7S517-D7S503 in band 7p21-15. In one tumour there was evidence for a homozygous, interstitial deletion at a locus within this region. These findings provide strong evidence for the existence of a tumour suppressor gene involved in Wilms tumorigenesis and defines the critical region of the chromosome involved.

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