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J Auton Nerv Syst. 1998 May 28;70(1-2):92-102.

Vagal efferent and afferent innervation of the rat esophagus as demonstrated by anterograde DiI and DiA tracing: focus on myenteric ganglia.

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  • 1Anatomy Institute, University of Erlangen-N├╝rnberg, Erlangen, Germany.


Anterograde tracing with the carbocyanine tracer DiI and the aminostyrol derivative DiA was used to selectively label fibers from the nucleus ambiguus, dorsal motor nucleus and nodose ganglion, respectively, terminating in the rat esophagus, and to compare them with the innervation of the gastric fundus in the same animals. Ambiguus neurons terminated on motor endplates distributed mainly to the ipsilateral half of the esophagus. There was no evidence of preganglionic innervation of myenteric ganglia from ambiguus neurons. Neurons of the dorsal motor nucleus supplied sparse fibers to only about 10% of enteric ganglia in the esophagus while they innervated up to 100% of myenteric ganglia in the stomach. Neurons of the nodose ganglion terminated profusely on more than 90% of myenteric ganglia of the esophagus and on about 50% of ganglia in the stomach. Afferent vagal fibers were also frequently found in smooth muscle layers starting at the esophago-gastric junction. In contrast, they were extremely rare in the striated muscle part of the esophagus. These morphological data suggest a minor influence of neurons of the dorsal motor nucleus and a prominent influence of vagal afferent terminals onto myenteric neurons in the rat esophagus.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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