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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Jul 23;1381(2):213-26.

Selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase-GI is a major glutathione peroxidase activity in the mucosal epithelium of rodent intestine.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology and Therapeutics Research, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA 91010, USA.


Gpx2 mRNA, encoding a selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPX-GI), has been found to be highly expressed in the gastrointestinal tract (GI) mucosal epithelium. In this study, we show that GPX-GI is produced in the mucosal epithelium of the adult rat GI tract and that the activity levels are comparable to that from GPX-1. Post-mitochondrial supernatant GPX activity from the mucosal epithelium of the complete length of the small intestine was partially purified. A sample enriched for putative GPX-GI was fractionated by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Polypeptides of 21 kDa and 22 kDa were digested with trypsin. After resolving the tryptic peptides by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), the major peaks were analyzed for their amino acid sequence by Microflow-HPLC-Tandem Mass Spectrometry and automated Edman degradation sequencing. Both methods revealed that the 21-kDa sample contained rat GPX-GI determined by the sequence homology with the deduced mouse GPX-GI polypeptide sequence. Rat GPX-1 was also detected in the samples. AntiGPX-GI and antiGPX-1 antibodies were used to determine the distribution of the respective isoenzyme activities along the length of the intestine and with respect to the crypt to villus axis in rats. GPX-GI and GPX-1 activities were uniformly distributed in the middle and lower GI tract and with respect to the crypt to villus axis. GPX-GI activity accounted nearly the same percentage of the total GPX activity as GPX-1 in all of the these compartments. Studies on the distal ileum segment of wildtype and Gpx1 gene knockout mice showed that GPX-GI activity was also at parity with GPX-1 in the mucosal epithelium of this segment.

Copyright 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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