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Curr Genet. 1998 Jul;34(1):60-6.

Construction of stable episomes in Cryptococcus neoformans.

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  • 1Molecular Microbiology Section, Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Building 10, Room 11C304, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


We report the generation of stable plasmids constructed by inserting specific DNA sequences into previously known unstable vectors. These sequences were obtained from a DNA library recovered from a previously reported stable minichromosome created by electroporative transformation in Cryptococcus neoformans (Varma and Kwon-Chung 1994). A 6-kb insert from this minichromosome significantly enhanced both the frequencies at which URA5 transformants were obtained as well as the stability of their uracil prototrophy on non-selective media. A 1.5-kb sequence of this insert contained telomeric sequence repeats which when introduced into plasmids resulted in significant increases in transformation frequency. A 1081-bp sequence (STAB), present in the remainder of the insert, had an ARS-like function enhancing the episomal maintenance of plasmids in the transformants regardless of the gene (ADE2/URA5) used as a selection marker.

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