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Anticancer Res. 1998 May-Jun;18(3B):1931-4.

Planned preoperative radiation therapy in muscle invasive bladder cancer; results of a meta-analysis.

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  • 1Meta-Analysis Research Group, Dunwoody, GA 30338, USA.



The role of pre-operative radiation therapy in the treatment of muscle invasive bladder cancer is unclear. The objective of this report is to present a meta-analysis of the published clinical trial data on this topic to determine whether pre-operative radiation improves survival in patients with this disease.


Data from 5 randomized trial were pooled using the meta-analytic techniques previously described by Peto et al. Three and five year survival were compared between patients receiving pre-operative radiation therapy followed by cystectomy versus patients treated with cystectomy alone.


A summary odds ratio was calculated following a statistical analysis showing a lack of heterogeneity among the included studies in terms of their estimate of effect. The calculated Peto odds ratio was 0.71 favoring the use of preoperative radiation (95% CI 0.48-1.06). Due to possible biases in this original analysis due to study design deficiencies, a sensitivity analysis showed a "corrected" odds ratio of 0.94 with a 95% confidence interval of 0.57- 1.55, a non-statistically significant result.


The available clinical trial data do not support a role for routine use of pre-operative radiation therapy in the treatment of muscle invasive bladder cancer. Additional well designed trials are needed to address this issue.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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