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J Biol Chem. 1998 Jul 31;273(31):19656-63.

Biochemical characterization and subcellular localization of the mouse retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (mRpgr).

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105, USA.


The retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (RPGR) gene encodes a protein homologous to the RCC1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor and is mutated in 20% of patients with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa. We have characterized the full-length and variant cDNAs corresponding to the mouse homolog of the RPGR gene (mRpgr). Comparison with the human cDNA revealed sequence identity primarily in the region of RCC1 homology repeats. As in humans, the mRpgr gene maps within 50 kilobases from the 5'-end of the Otc gene. The mRpgr transcripts are detected as early as E7 during embryonic development and are expressed widely in the adult mice. Variant mRpgr isoforms are generated by alternative splicing and by utilizing two in-frame initiation codons. The products of mRpgr cDNAs migrate aberrantly in SDS-polyacrylamide gels because of a charged domain. In transfected COS cells, the mRpgr protein is isoprenylated and is localized in the Golgi complex. This subcellular distribution is not observed after treatments with brefeldin A or mevastatin and when the conserved isoprenylation sequence (CTIL) at the carboxyl terminus is deleted or mutagenized. These studies suggest a role for the mRpgr protein in Golgi transport and form the basis for investigating the mechanism of photoreceptor degeneration in X-linked retinitis pigmentosa.

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