Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Exp Parasitol. 1998 Jul;89(3):331-42.

Leishmania tropica: the identification and purification of metacyclic promastigotes and use in establishing mouse and hamster models of cutaneous and visceral disease.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

Few experimental studies on Leishmania tropica have been undertaken despite the importance of this parasite as the cause of cutaneous leishmaniasis, and now visceral disease, in the Old World. In part, this is due to the absence of convenient animals models, especially mice, for L. tropica infections. An anti-lipophosphoglycan (LPG) monoclonal antibody XCIV 1H2-A8 (T11), specific for L. tropica, was found to distinguish between culture-derived procyclic and metacyclic promastigotes. The antibody was used to negatively select for nonagglutinated metacyclic forms in stationary cultures, and the exceptional virulence of the purified metacyclics was verified by their infectivity for mouse macrophages in vitro and by their ability to produce cutaneous lesions in footpads of BALB/c mice. The lesions produced by three cutaneous isolates of L. tropica were nonulcerative and nonprogressive. Nonetheless, the lesions failed to heal, and high numbers of parasites could be recovered from footpads and draining lymph nodes up to 9 months after infection. Infections using L. tropica metacyclics purified from cutaneous, visceral and viscerotropic (Desert Storm) isolates of L. tropica were compared in both mouse and hamster models. Differences in disease progression were found that may reflect the parasite tissue tropism and virulence displayed by these strains in their human hosts. These findings suggest a role for parasite-related determinants in the clinical spectrum of disease.

PMID:
9676711
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk