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JAMA. 1998 Jul 15;280(3):246-7.

US and non-US submissions: an analysis of reviewer bias.

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  • 1Gastroenterology, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Reviewers increasingly are asked to review manuscripts from outside their own country, but whether they are more likely to recommend acceptance of such manuscripts is not known.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess whether US reviewers or non-US reviewers evaluate manuscripts differently, depending on whether the manuscripts are submitted from outside the United States or from the United States.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

A retrospective analysis of all original submissions received by Gastroenterology in 1995 and 1996. Reviewers ranked manuscripts in 4 decision categories: accept, provisionally accept, reject with resubmission, or reject.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Ranking of papers based on nationality of authors and reviewers.

RESULTS:

The percentage of non-US manuscripts placed in each decision category by US (n = 2355) and non-US reviewers (n = 1297) was nearly identical (P= .31). However, US reviewers recommended acceptance of papers submitted by US authors more often than did non-US reviewers (P=.001). Non-US reviewers ranked US papers slightly more favorably than non-US papers (P=.09), while US reviewers ranked US papers much more favorably (P=.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Reviewers from the United States and outside the United States evaluate non-US papers similarly and evaluate papers submitted by US authors more favorably, with US reviewers having a significant preference for US papers.

PMID:
9676670
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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