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Biofactors. 1998;7(4):311-21.

Knockout of cellular glutathione peroxidase affects selenium-dependent parameters similarly in mice fed adequate and excessive dietary selenium.

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  • 1Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Abstract

This study was to determine whether or not effects of the cellular glutathione peroxidase (GPX1) knockout on several Se-dependent parameters in mice were tissue, dietary Se concentration, and selenoprotein specific. A 2 x 3 factorial experiment was conducted with 18 GPX1 knockout mice [GPX1(-)] and 18 controls (3 weeks old, half males and females). These mice were fed a torula yeast diet supplemented with all-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (50 mg/kg of feed) and Se (sodium selenite) at 0, 0.5, or 3.0 mg/kg of feed for 6 weeks. Both kidney GPX1 mRNA levels and liver, kidney, lung, and testis total GPX activities, assayed using hydrogen peroxide, were affected (p < 0.001) by the GPX1 knockout and dietary Se concentrations, whereas kidney extracellular or plasma GPX (GPX3) mRNA levels and phospholipid hydroperoxide GPX (GPX4) activities in the four tissues were affected (p < 0.001) by only dietary Se concentrations. Total GPX activity in testis was reduced approximately 90% (p < 0.01) by the GPX1 knockout. Neither the GPX1 knockout nor the dietary Se concentrations affected mRNA levels of GPX4 in testis or selenoprotein P in kidney. Total liver Se concentrations were not different between the GPX1(-) and control mice at 0 mg Se/kg of feed, but were reduced (p < 0.01) by 61 and 64% in the GPX1(-) mice at 0.5 and 3.0 mg Se/kg of feed, respectively. These results not only confirm the independent expression of GPX3, GPX4, and selenoprotein P from that of GPX1, but also show similar effects of the GPX1 knockout on Se-dependent parameters in mice between different dietary Se concentrations, tissues, and selenoproteins.

PMID:
9666319
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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