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Am J Physiol. 1998 Jul;275(1 Pt 1):G125-9.

S-adenosylmethionine deficiency and TNF-alpha in lipopolysaccharide-induced hepatic injury.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA.


S-adenosylmethionine (Adomet) is a substrate for de novo synthesis of choline. Adomet deficiency occurs in certain types of liver injury, and the injury is attenuated by exogenous Adomet. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is also a mediator of these models of hepatotoxicity. We investigated the role of Adomet in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury in rats made deficient in both Adomet and choline. Rats were maintained on either a methionine-restricted and choline-deficient (MCD) diet or a diet containing sufficient amounts of all nutrients [methionine and choline sufficient (MCS)] and then administered either LPS or saline. MCS-LPS rats had normal liver histology and no change in serum transaminases compared with the MCS-saline control group. MCD-saline rats had hepatosteatosis but no necrosis, and a five- to sevenfold increase in transaminases vs. the MCS-saline group. MCD-LPS rats additionally had hepatonecrosis and a 30- to 50-fold increase in transaminases. Exogenous Adomet administration to MCD-LPS rats corrected the hepatic deficiency of Adomet but not of choline, prevented necrosis but not steatosis, and attenuated transaminases. Serum TNF-alpha was sixfold higher in MCD rats even without LPS challenge and 300-fold higher with LPS challenge. Exogenous Adomet attenuated increased serum TNF-alpha in MCD-LPS rats.

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