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Mol Chem Neuropathol. 1998 Apr;33(3):163-74.

The effect of glutamate and inhibitors of NMDA receptors on postdenervation decrease of membrane potential in rat diaphragm.

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  • 1Medical University, Kazan, Russia.


The early postdenervation depolarization of rat diaphragm muscle fibers (8-10 mV within 3 h in vitro) is substantially smaller (3 mV) when muscles are bathed with 1 x 10(-3) M L-glutamate (Glu) or 1 x 10(-3) M N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). The effects of Glu and NMDA are inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by competitive inhibitor 2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV) with Ki 6.3 x 10(-4) M, by 2 x 10(-7) M MK-801, which acts as an open channel inhibitor, by 2-3 x 10(-4) Zn2+, which reacts with surface-located sites of the NMDA subtype of the glutamate receptor, and also by glycine-free solutions and 7-Cl-kynurenic acid, which inhibits the glycine binding sites on NMDA receptors. It follows that the effect of glutamate on early post-denervation depolarization is mediated by the NMDA subtype of glutamate receptor with similar pharmacological properties to those found in neurons. The only exception found was the glutamate-like action of 1 x 10(-7) M MK-801, which partially prevented the early postdenervation depolarization when present in the muscle bath during the first 3 h after nerve section.

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