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Clin Sci (Lond). 1998 Apr;94(4):437-45.

Neutrophil cathepsin G modulates platelet P-selectin expression and inhibits P-selectin-mediated platelet-neutrophil adhesion.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Australia.

Abstract

1. Close contact between platelets and neutrophils modulates their cellular interactions in thrombotic and inflammatory states, with stimulation of P-selectin expression on platelets by agonists such as thrombin and neutrophil-derived cathepsin G being critical in mediating platelet-neutrophil adhesion. This study compared the effects of thrombin and cathepsin G on platelet P-selectin expression and on P-selectin-mediated platelet-neutrophil adhesion. 2. Washed platelets and platelet-neutrophil mixed cell suspensions (platelet/neutrophil ratio, 10:1) were incubated with either the supernatant of activated neutrophils, purified cathepsin G or thrombin. Platelet P-selectin expression and platelet adhesion to neutrophils was quantified by flow fluorocytometric analysis. 3. The supernatant from activated neutrophils stimulated platelet P-selectin expression comparable to that produced by purified cathepsin G or thrombin. P-selectin expression induced by both activated neutrophil supernatant and purified cathepsin G was completely inhibited by alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, a specific inhibitor of cathepsin G. Unlike thrombin, which induced maximum platelet P-selectin expression by 10 min, sustained to 120 min, cathepsin G induced an initial large increase in platelet P-selectin expression, followed by a progressive reduction over 30-60 min to baseline levels. 4. Co-incubation of neutrophils with thrombin-stimulated platelets resulted in a significant increase in P-selectin-mediated platelet-neutrophil adhesion, which was completely inhibited by preincubation of neutrophils with anti-sialyl Lewis(x) monoclonal antibody. Thrombin produced maximum platelet-neutrophil adhesion by 10 min which remained stable over 120 min. In contrast, cathepsin G-stimulated platelets did not adhere to neutrophils over 120 min of co-incubation. Addition of cathepsin G to thrombin-stimulated platelets caused a progressive reduction over 30-60 min to baseline levels of platelet-neutrophil adhesion. 5. Neutrophil-derived cathepsin G is a potent platelet activator, but unlike thrombin it causes a time-dependent loss of platelet P-selectin expression and inhibits P-selectin-mediated platelet-neutrophil adhesion. Therefore, cathepsin G may modulate thrombin-mediated platelet-neutrophil adhesive interactions in inflammation and thrombosis.

PMID:
9640350
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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