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J Atheroscler Thromb. 1997;4(2):65-72.

Molecular mechanisms of the exaggerated growth of vascular smooth muscle cells in hypertension.

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

The molecular mechanisms of the exaggerated growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in hypertension are reviewed based on our previous experimental data. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)-derived VSMC increasingly express angiotensinogen, cathepsin D and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) mRNAs, compared to cells from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, indicating the presence of an Ang II generating system in a homogeneous culture of VSMC from SHR. The produced Ang II then induces TGF-beta. SHR-derived VSMC show the distinct expression and abnormal regulation by Ang II of TGF-beta receptors when compared with cells from WKY rats, which express TGF-beta type II receptor predominantly to induce PDGF A-chain stimulation of VSMC growth. These findings imply that the increased growth of VSMC in hypertension is a primary event independent of high blood pressure, and is associated with endogenous Ang II-related growth factors.

PMID:
9638516
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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