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Vet J. 1998 May;155(3):275-88.

Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of tolfenamic acid in ruminating calves: evaluation in models of acute inflammation.

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  • 1Department of Veterinary Basic Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, Herts, UK.

Abstract

Injections of mild irritants intradermally (carrageenan, zymosan and dextran) and intracaveally (carrageenan) in a tissue cage model of inflammation were used in studies of the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of tolfenamic acid administered intramuscularly in calves. Inhibition of serum thromboxane (TX)B2 and inflammatory exudate prostaglandin (PG)E2 were used as indicators of the magnitude and time course of blockade of cyclo-oxygenase isoforms COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Single doses of 2, 4 and 8 mgkg-1 tolfenamic acid partially inhibited irritant-induced rises in skin temperature (non-dose dependently) and skin oedema (dose-dependently). These doses also markedly inhibited serum TXB2 synthesis and the duration of inhibition was dose-related. A dose of 2 mgkg-1 tolfenamic acid also attenuated skin temperature rise over carrageenan-injected tissue cages, and markedly inhibited exudate PGE2 synthesis, even though drug penetration into both exudate and tissue cage transudate was limited. Tolfenamic acid pharmacokinetics were characterized by a relatively short tmax (0.94-2.04 h), a high estimated Vdarea (1.79-3.20 Lkg-1), an estimated t1/2 beta of 8.01-13.50 h and Cl beta of 0.142-0.175 Lkg-1h-1. The actions of tolfenamic acid in inhibiting PGE2 synthesis and in attenuating two of the cardinal signs of inflammation (heat and swelling) suggest that a dosage of 2 mgkg-1 administered intramuscularly should be effective clinically as an anti-inflammatory agent.

PMID:
9638074
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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