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Crit Care Med. 1998 Jun;26(6):1011-9.

Relationship of mortality to increasing oxygen delivery in patients > or = 50 years of age: a prospective, randomized trial.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Hawaii, Queen's Medical Center, Honolulu 96813-2427, USA.



To investigate the relationship of mortality to early resuscitation using two levels of oxygen delivery (DO2) in critically ill surgical patients > or =50 yrs of age who were stratified into groups: age < or =75 yrs (age 50 to 75 yrs group); and age >75 yrs (age >75 yrs group).


A prospective, randomized trial, continued from a previous project.


Surgical intensive care unit, university affiliated.


Consecutive patients, >50 yrs of age, unable to generate a DO2 of > or =600 mL/min/m2 with fluid resuscitation alone, with a diagnosis of systemic inflammatory response syndrome, sepsis, severe sepsis, septic shock, and/or acute respiratory distress syndrome.


During the first 24 hrs of resuscitation, patients were randomized to receive fluids, blood transfusions, and vasoactive agents in order to achieve DO2 treatment goals of > or =600 mL/ min/m2 in the protocol group and 450 to 550 mL/min/m2 in the control group.


One hundred five patients completed the study. In patients aged 50 to 75 yrs, the mortality rate was 21% (9/43) in the protocol group and 52% (12/23) in the control group (p=.01, 95% confidence interval of -58% to -4%). In patients >75 yrs of age, the mortality rate was 57% (12/21) in the protocol group and 61% (11/18) in the control group. Oxygen extraction ratios (O2ER) and oxygen consumption values were significantly (p=.02) lower in the age >75 yrs group compared with the age 50 to 75 yrs group.


Patients 50 to 75 yrs of age receiving a DO2 of > or =600 mL/min/m2 demonstrated a statistically significant (p=.01) improved survival rate over patients in the control group. Patients >75 yrs of age demonstrated no benefit from attempts to increase DO2 to >600 mL/min/m2, and they may have been overtreated as reflected by the lower O2ER values in this age group. Treating to an O2ER that reflects a balance between oxygen consumption and DO2 may be an alternative goal that allows individual titration.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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