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Biochemistry. 1976 Sep 21;15(19):4264-72.

Conformational properties of the complexes formed by proteins and sodium dodecyl sulfate.


Circular dichroism spectra have been obtained for albumin, alpha-chymotrypsinogen, collagen, concanavalin A, elastase, hemoglobin, histone f2b, alpha-lactalbumin, lactate dehydrogenase, beta-lactoglobulin, lysozyme, myoglobin, papain, ribonuclease A, and thermolysin in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate and dithiothreitol. While all spectra have the shape anticipated for a mixture of random coil and alpha helix, the intensities differ markedly ([theta]222 ranges from --1400 to --15 000 deg cm2/dmol). The variation in the circular dichroism can be quantitatively explained by a model which assumes that the arginyl, histidyl, and lysyl residues have an enhanced probability of propagating a helical segment in the presence of the detergent. The model also permits the computation of dimensional properties (unperturbed end-to-end distance and radius of gyration) for polypeptides of known amino acid sequence. Such computations have been performed for 67 proteins. The computed dimensions are compatible with experimental values and with the molecular weight dependence of the transport properties of the complexes. Furthermore, the model can account for the abnormal transport properties of the sodium dodecyl sulfate complexes formed by ribonuclease A, collagen fragments, and histones f2a1, f2a2, f2b, and f3. Even though some of the protein--sodium dodecyl sulfate complexes have helical contents as high as 50%, their overall conformation more closely approximates that of a random coil than a rod.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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