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Nat Med. 1998 Jun;4(6):718-21.

Role of the Y5 neuropeptide Y receptor in feeding and obesity.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.

Abstract

Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36-amino-acid neuromodulator abundantly expressed in the brain, has been implicated in the regulation of food intake and body weight. Pharmacological data suggest that NPY's stimulatory effect on appetite is transduced by the G-protein-coupled NPY Y5 receptor (Y5R). We have inactivated the Y5R gene in mice and report that younger Y5R-null mice feed and grow normally; however, they develop mild late-onset obesity characterized by increased body weight, food intake and adiposity. Fasting-induced refeeding is unchanged in younger Y5R-null mice and they exhibit normal sensitivity to leptin. Their response to intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of NPY and related peptides is either reduced or absent. NPY deficiency attenuates the obesity syndrome of mice deficient for leptin (ob/ob), but these effects are not mediated by NPY signaling through the Y5R because Y5R-null ob/ob mice are equally obese. These results demonstrate that the Y5R contributes to feeding induced by centrally administered NPY and its analogs, but is not a critical physiological feeding receptor in mice.

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PMID:
9623983
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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