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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 May;22(5):477-84.

The impairment of flow-mediated vasodilatation in obese men with visceral fat accumulation.

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  • 1Department of Geriatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity has been reported to be associated with coronary artery disease and other atherosclerotic diseases. Recently, evidence has accumulated indicating that intra-abdominal visceral fat accumulation contributes to atherogenesis; however, the mechanism underlying this remains to be determined. This study was undertaken to elucidate whether intra-abdominal visceral fat accumulation impairs vascular endothelial function in obese men.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Thirty-eight obese men (body mass index (BMI) > or = 26.0), aged 19-64 y (mean age 37.6 +/- 1.8 y) and 23 age-matched non-obese subjects were examined. According to the ratio of the maximum thickness of preperitoneal fat to the minimum thickness of subcutaneous fat (Pmax/Smin) obtained by longitudinal ultrasound scanning in the subxiphoid region in obese men, we divided obese subjects into two categories; visceral (Pmax/Smin > or = 1; n=23) and subcutaneous type (Pmax/Smin < 1; n=15). To investigate endothelial function, we performed ultrasound measurement of the brachial artery diameter non-invasively both at rest and during reactive hyperaemia in the muscle distal to the brachial artery which causes endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. The brachial diameter change was also measured after sublingual administration of nitroglycerin, which causes endothelium-independent vasodilatation. Flow-mediated diameter (D) increase (%FMD; deltaD/D x 100), in the subjects with visceral type obesity (3.09 +/- 0.43%) was significantly lower than those of the subjects with subcutaneous type obesity and non-obese subjects (7.90 +/- 0.51%, 8.91 +/- 0.44%, respectively, P < 0.01). The magnitude of endothelium-independent vasodilatation by nitroglycerin was similar in all groups. On multiple regression analysis, the Pmax/Smin showed a significant inverse correlation with %FMD.

CONCLUSIONS:

The subjects with visceral type obesity, rather than those with the subcutaneous type, are associated with impaired flow-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilatation of the brachial artery.

PMID:
9622346
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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