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Anesth Analg. 1998 Jun;86(6):1266-70.

Arterial oxygenation and shunt fraction during one-lung ventilation: a comparison of isoflurane and sevoflurane.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka University Medical School, Japan. abe@anes.med.osaka-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of isoflurane and sevoflurane on oxygenation and shunt fraction during one-lung ventilation (OLV). Twenty patients undergoing lobectomy for lung cancer and scheduled for long-term OLV were enrolled in this study. Patients were allocated to treatment with either isoflurane or sevoflurane. Arterial oxygenation, shunt fraction, and hemodynamics were evaluated at the end of two-lung ventilation; 20 min after the initiation of OLV; 20 min after the application of 4-cm positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to the dependent lung; 20 min after 8-cm PEEP; and 20 min after the conversion from OLV to two-lung ventilation. There was no significant difference between isoflurane and sevoflurane with regard to oxygenation, shunt fraction, or hemodynamics during OLV. PaO2 values after the application of 4-cm PEEP increased from 131.1 +/- 11.8 mm Hg to 190.6 +/- 22.9 mm Hg in the isoflurane group (P < 0.05) and from 127.2 +/- 14.3 mm Hg to 192.4 +/- 26.9 mm Hg in the sevoflurane group (P < 0.05). The selection of either isoflurane or sevoflurane for OLV was made without regard to arterial oxygenation and shunt fraction. PEEP application to the dependent lung is useful for improving oxygenation during OLV, but 8-cm PEEP had no added effect compared with 4-cm PEEP.

IMPLICATIONS:

We compared the effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on oxygenation, hemodynamics, and shunt fraction during one-lung ventilation in 20 patients undergoing scheduled lobectomy for lung cancer. There was no significant difference between isoflurane and sevoflurane with regard to oxygenation, shunt fraction, and hemodynamics during one-lung ventilation. The application of 4-cm positive end-expiratory pressure increased the partial pressure of arterial oxygen during one-lung ventilation.

PMID:
9620517
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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