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Blood. 1998 Jun 15;91(12):4632-44.

CD43 interacts with moesin and ezrin and regulates its redistribution to the uropods of T lymphocytes at the cell-cell contacts.

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  • 1Servicio de Inmunología, Hospital de la Princesa, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

Chemokines as well as the signaling through the adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-3 and CD43 are able to induce in T lymphocytes their switching from a spherical to a polarized motile morphology, with the formation of a uropod at the rear of the cell. We investigated here the role of CD43 in the regulation of T-cell polarity, CD43-cytoskeletal interactions, and lymphocyte aggregation. Pro-activatory anti-CD43 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) induced polarization of T lymphocytes with redistribution of CD43 to the uropod and the CCR2 chemokine receptor to the leading edge of the cell. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that all three ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) actin-binding proteins localized in the uropod of both human T lymphoblasts stimulated with anti-CD43 MoAb and tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes. Radixin localized at the uropod neck, whereas ezrin and moesin colocalized with CD43 in the uropod. Biochemical analyses showed that ezrin and moesin coimmunoprecipitated with CD43 in T lymphoblasts. Furthermore, in these cells, the CD43-associated moesin increased after stimulation through CD43. The interaction of moesin and ezrin with CD43 was specifically mediated by the cytoplasmic domain of CD43, as shown by precipitation of both ERM proteins with a GST-fusion protein containing the CD43 cytoplasmic tail. Videomicroscopy analysis of homotypic cell aggregation induced through CD43 showed that cellular uropods mediate cell-cell contacts and lymphocyte recruitment. Immunofluorescence microscopy performed in parallel showed that uropods enriched in CD43 and moesin localized at the cell-cell contact areas of cell aggregates. The polarization and homotypic cell aggregation induced through CD43 was prevented by butanedione monoxime, indicating the involvement of myosin cytoskeleton in these phenomena. Altogether, these data indicate that CD43 plays an important regulatory role in remodeling T-cell morphology, likely through its interaction with actin-binding proteins ezrin and moesin. In addition, the redistribution of CD43 to the uropod region of migrating lymphocytes and during the formation of cell aggregates together with the enhancing effect of anti-CD43 antibodies on lymphocyte cell recruitment suggest that CD43 plays a key role in the regulation of cell-cell interactions during lymphocyte traffic.

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PMID:
9616160
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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