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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1998 May;17(5):363-6; discussion 366-7.

The interruption of transmission of indigenous measles in the United States during 1993.

Author information

  • 1National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. jcw3@cdc.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The United States has a goal to eliminate all indigenous cases of measles by the year 2000. Initial interruption of indigenous measles transmission would be expected during a period of very low measles incidence as occurred during late 1993.

METHODS:

Indigenous measles cases (i.e. cases acquired in the United States and not traceable to any imported case) from 1993 were investigated to determine their source of infection. The probability of sustained undetected measles transmission between isolated indigenous cases was estimated.

RESULTS:

Of the 312 measles cases reported for 1993, only 25 (8%) occurred after September 19. Of these only 4 cases (16%) could be classified as indigenous. The estimated probability that any of these 4 cases resulted from indigenous measles transmission in theirs or any adjoining counties was 0.05 or less.

CONCLUSIONS:

Interruption of indigenous measles transmission appears to have occurred for the first time throughout the United States in 1993. This event provides strong support for the current national strategy for measles elimination. However, complete elimination of indigenous measles will require maintaining high population immunity to prevent spread from imported cases and attaining global measles control to prevent the importation of measles.

PMID:
9613646
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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