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J Nurs Care Qual. 1998 Jun;12(5):9-20; quiz 85-7.

The Nursing Outcomes Classification.

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  • 1College of Nursing, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.


The Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) is a comprehensive taxonomy of patient outcomes influenced by nursing care. Each outcome is stated as a variable concept measured on a five-point Likert scale and includes a definition, indicators, and references. The classification provides outcomes that can be used across the care continuum to assess patient status following nursing interventions. The classification has a number of advantages, including being research-based, standardized, comprehensive, and flexible for clinical use. It was developed by a large research team that included clinical experts and has been subjected to testing.

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