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J Abnorm Psychol. 1998 May;107(2):272-84.

Identifying dissociative identity disorder: a self-report and projective study.

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  • 1Gordon Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Adelphi University, Garden City, New York 11530, USA. scroppo@panther.adelphi.edu

Abstract

This study compared 21 female adult psychiatric patients diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder (DID) with 21 female adult nondissociative psychiatric patients to determine whether DID patients exhibit a distinguishing set of clinical features, and perceptual, attentional, and cognitive processes. Participants were assessed with the Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule to assess diagnostic status. Group scores on the Dissociative Experiences Scale, Tellegen Absorption Scale, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Brief Symptom Inventory, and the Rorschach test were compared. DID participants reported earlier and more severe childhood trauma, more dissociative symptoms, and a greater propensity for altered states of consciousness. The DID participants also exhibited increased projective and imaginative activity, a diminished ability to integrate mental contents, a complex and driven cognitive style, and a highly unconventional view of reality.

PMID:
9604556
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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