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J Mol Biol. 1998 May 22;278(5):983-97.

The three-dimensional structure of shikimate kinase.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland, UK.


The three-dimensional structure of shikimate kinase from Erwinia chrysanthemi has been determined by multiple isomorphous replacement. Two models are presented: a high resolution 1.9 A model and a 2.6 A model which contains bound Mg-ADP. The enzyme is an alpha/beta protein consisting of a central sheet of five parallel beta-strands flanked by alpha-helices with overall topology similar to adenylate kinase. Evidence is presented that shikimate kinase undergoes major conformational changes on ligand binding. It resembles adenylate kinase in having a P-loop containing core structure and two flexible domains which undergo induced fit movement on substrate binding. The binding of Mg2+ in the active site of shikimate kinase involves direct interaction with two protein side-chains which is different from the situation found in adenylate kinase. Shikimate kinase has a readily identifiable Walker A-motif and a recognisable but modified Walker B-motif. Comparison of shikimate kinase to adenylate kinase has led to the identification of an adenine-binding motif (I/VDAXQ/NXP). Difference Fourier calculations have revealed the shikimate binding site which corresponds to the location of the AMP-binding site in adenylate kinase. A model for shikimate-binding is presented.

Copyright 1998 Academic Press Limited.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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