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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 May 8;246(1):166-71.

Protein kinase C isoform expression and function in transformed and non-transformed pancreatic acinar cell lines.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, State University of New York-Health Science Center at Brooklyn 11203, USA.

Abstract

Members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family of multifunctional serine/threonine phosphorylating enzymes are believed to play a role in regulating cellular differentiation and proliferation in many cell types. In the present study, we examined the expression of PKC isoforms in non-transformed (BMRPA.430) and transformed (TUC3) rat pancreatic acinar cell lines and compared this to PKC expression in freshly dispersed acini from rat pancreas. BMRPA.430 cells maintain characteristics of normal acini and are not tumorigenic, whereas TUC3 cells do not express tight junctions or polygonal morphology and are tumorigenic. As reported previously, PKC alpha, delta, epsilon, and zeta are expressed in freshly prepared acini. Likewise, these isoforms were detected in both the BMRPA.430 and TUC3 cell lines. In addition, PKC theta, a novel isoform, was detected in all three cell types at low levels. We used two PKC inhibitors to examine the role of PKC in acinar cell proliferation. CGP 41 251, a selective PKC inhibitor, and Go 6976, an agent which specifically inhibits calcium-dependent PKC isoforms, inhibited cell proliferation of both cell lines. Translocation of PKC alpha to the membrane was not observed in either cell line. Hence, our data indicate that ras-induced transformation does not alter PKC isoform expression in pancreatic acinar cells and that activation of PKC alpha is involved with acinar cell growth.

PMID:
9600087
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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