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Hum Pathol. 1998 May;29(5):438-46.

Chondromyxoid fibroma of bone: a clinicopathologic review of 278 cases.

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  • 1Department of Orthopedics, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


In a study of the clinical, radiographic, and pathological features of chondromyxoid fibroma, the tumor was slightly more common in men, usually in the second decade of life. Almost half of the tumors involved the long bones, although the ilium and the small bones were also common sites. Roentgenograms showed a sharply marginated, lobulated, lucent defect in the metaphysis. The tumor involved the medullary bone in an eccentric fashion, and the cortex was thinned and expanded. Periosteal reaction and soft tissue extension were uncommon. Mineralization was identified in 13% of the lesions. Histologically, the tumors were almost always arranged in lobules, which were prominent (macrolobular) or somewhat indistinct (microlobular). The tumor cells were spindle-shaped or stellate and arranged in a myxoid matrix. Calcification was seen in more than one third of the cases but was rarely prominent. Hyaline cartilage and chondroblastoma-like areas were not uncommon. Approximately 18% of tumors showed bizarre nuclei. Permeation of bony trabeculae was uncommon. Treatment was conservative surgical removal; approximately one fourth of the patients had recurrence.

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