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J Biol Chem. 1998 May 29;273(22):13578-82.

State-dependent inhibition of the mitochondrial KATP channel by glyburide and 5-hydroxydecanoate.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Portland, Oregon 97291-1000, USA.


The mitochondrial KATP channel (mitoKATP) is hypothesized to be the receptor for the cardioprotective effects of K+ channel openers (KCO) and for the blocking of cardioprotection by glyburide and 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD). Studies on glyburide have indicated that this drug is inactive in isolated mitochondria. No studies of the effects of 5-HD on isolated mitochondria have been reported. This paper examines the effects of glyburide and 5-HD on K+ flux in isolated, respiring mitochondria. We show that mitoKATP is completely insensitive to glyburide and 5-HD under the experimental conditions in which the open state of the channel is induced by the absence of ATP and Mg2+. On the other hand, mitoKATP became highly sensitive to glyburide and 5-HD when the open state was induced by Mg2+, ATP, and a physiological opener, such as GTP, or a pharmacological opener, such as diazoxide. In these open states, glyburide (K1/2 values 1-6 microM) and 5-HD (K1/2 values 45-75 microM) inhibited specific, mitoKATP-mediated K+ flux in both heart and liver mitochondria from rat. These results are consistent with a role for mitoKATP in cardioprotection and show that different open states of mitoKATP, although catalyzing identical K+ fluxes, exhibit very different susceptibilities to channel inhibitors.

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