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Alcohol. 1998 May;15(4):281-9.

A comparison of the effects of the opioid antagonists naltrexone, naltrindole, and beta-funaltrexamine on ethanol consumption in the rat.

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  • 1Center for Studies of Addiction, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA. stromberg@research.trc.upenn.edu

Abstract

The effects of the universal opioid antagonist naltrexone were compared to the delta-selective opioid antagonist naltrindole and the mu-selective opioid antagonist beta-funaltrexamine on ethanol consumption in the absence of food or fluid deprivation using a limited access procedure in Wistar rats. Both naltrexone, at doses of 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 3.0, and 10 mg/kg, and beta-funaltrexamine, at doses of 5.0 and 20.0 mg/kg, significantly decreased consumption of a 6% ethanol solution compared to saline control groups. Naltrindole, at doses of 5.0 and 15.0 mg/kg, failed to significantly reduce ethanol consumption. In addition, the highest doses of naltrexone, which antagonize delta as well as mu-opioid receptors, did not differ significantly from the lowest doses in their ability to reduce ethanol consumption. These data suggest that ethanol consumption using the limited access paradigm in the outbred rat is modulated by mu rather than delta-opioid receptors. Although this is not consistent with other data showing that delta antagonists decrease ethanol consumption, it is suggested that these difference may be related to the alcohol-preferring rats used in those experiments.

PMID:
9590512
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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