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Neuroendocrinology. 1998 Apr;67(4):236-43.

Absence of an inhibitory vasopressinergic tone on LH release in pubertal male rhesus macaques.

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  • 1Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock 79430, USA.


During puberty, primates begin to secrete LH, and presumably GnRH, at night and then eventually throughout the day as they mature. We examined the role of vasopressin, a putative inhibitor of the GnRH pulse generator, on LH secretion in pubertal male macaques both during the day when the GnRH pulse generator was not active and during the night when pulsatile LH secretion was observed. As has been found in other primates, LH and testosterone levels were low during the day and elevated at night. A potent vasopressin receptor antagonist (VPa) was administered during the middle 5 h of a 15-hour daytime or nighttime blood collection period to determine the effects on LH, testosterone and cortisol secretion. Both during the day and night, cortisol secretion was elevated during VPa infusion, suggesting that this V1a receptor antagonist has agonist activity on the V1b receptor in the pituitary involved in vasopressin-stimulated corticotropin release. Mean LH levels during VPa infusion were not different from the control period for that group during the day when LH secretion was absent. Mean LH levels were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than pre-VPa LH levels at night when pulsatile LH secretion was observed. However, LH levels at night during VPa were not higher than levels in untreated animals at the same time. The results of these studies demonstrate that LH and testosterone profiles are similar to those observed in human males during the pubertal transition and suggest that the absence of daytime gonadotropin release during puberty is not due to inhibitory vasopressinergic tone on the GnRH pulse generator.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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