Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998 May;30(5):715-23.

Physical fitness and functional limitations in community-dwelling older adults.

Author information

  • 1Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Durham Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, NC 27705, USA. morey@geri.duke.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Conceptual models of disability have focused on disease-specific factors as the primary cause of disability. Functional limitations in the performance of basic tasks are considered primary mediators on the causal pathway from disease to disability.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to assess the association between three fitness components (cardiorespiratory, morphologic, and strength) and functional limitations.

METHODS:

Analyses employed data collected upon 161 older adults (72.5 +/- 5.1 yr) who agreed to undergo baseline testing in a clinical trial.

RESULTS:

After controlling for age, race, sex, education, depressive symptoms, and body mass index, all three fitness components were directly associated with functional limitations (P < 0.05). This study is the first to characterize a broad set of individual fitness components as they relate to functional limitations and the first to examine directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness within the context of existing disability models.

CONCLUSION:

These findings suggest that low fitness is a risk factor for functional decline independent of disease processes.

PMID:
9588614
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk