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Brain Behav Evol. 1998;51(5):284-90.

Calbindin immunoreactivity in Purkinje cells of the bullfrog cerebellum during thyroxine-induced metamorphosis.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy, Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine, Mo. 63501, USA.


Calbindin-immunoreactive Purkinje cells were identified in the cerebella of frog tadpoles that had been treated with thyroxine to accelerate metamorphosis. The dorsal part of the cerebellar plate contained the full complement of Purkinje cells which were all CaBP-immunoreactive, while in the ventral part of the cerebellum Purkinje cells acquired CaBP-immunoreactivity only after several days of thyroxine treatment. The ventral group of Purkinje cells was separated from the dorsal group by a distinct gap, which is the site of a shallow sulcus in adult frogs. Additionally, following thyroxine treatment, the numbers of CaBP-immunoreactive Purkinje cells in the ventral group were only half the numbers seen in frogs that metamorphosed spontaneously. We suggest that the variation in the CaBP-immunoreactivity of the dorsal and ventral groups of Purkinje cells, along with the gap in the Purkinje cell layer between the two groups, may be indicative of two distinct populations of Purkinje cells, with distinct patterns of generation, maturation, and perhaps, origin and connectivity, in the cerebellum of frogs.

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