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Am Surg. 1998 May;64(5):447-9.

HIV infection among rural trauma patients: a blind serosurvey and literature review.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Conemaugh's Memorial Medical Center, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, USA.


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence rates among rural trauma patients range between 0.15 and 1.32 per cent. A random sample of trauma patients treated at our rural trauma center between September 1994 and November 1995 was enrolled into a blind HIV serosurvey. Five hundred sixty-six of 1315 trauma patients (43%) were tested. Two of the 566 patients (0.35%) were HIV positive. A review of aggregate data for HIV infection among rural trauma patients in the United States show that 28 of the 4639 patients (0.60%) are HIV positive. We conclude that there was a low HIV incidence among our trauma patients from September 1994 to November 1995, and the cost-effectiveness of HIV testing for rural trauma patients is questionable with incidences between 0.5 and 1.0 per cent.

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