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J Consult Clin Psychol. 1998 Apr;66(2):248-58.

Peer influences and drug use among urban adolescents: family structure and parent-adolescent relationship as protective factors.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23284-2018, USA. afarrell@vcu.edu

Abstract

The moderating influences of family structure and parent-adolescent distress on the relationship between peer variables and drug use were examined in a predominantly African American sample of 630 10th graders at 9 urban high schools. Both peer pressure and peer drug use were significantly related to the reported frequency of drug use. The relationship between peer pressure and drug use was stronger among girls than boys, and also among adolescents in families without fathers or stepfathers. The association between peer pressure and drug use also increased as a function of the level of mother-adolescent distress among adolescents who were not living with fathers or stepfathers. Neither gender nor family structure moderated the relationship between peer drug models and drug use. However, the association between peer drug models and drug use increased as a function of the level of mother-adolescent distress.

PMID:
9583328
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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