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J Biol Chem. 1998 May 22;273(21):12901-8.

Induction of cyclooxygenase-2 by the activated MEKK1 --> SEK1/MKK4 --> p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology and Pharmacology and Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Abstract

The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is believed to function as an important regulator of prostaglandin biosynthesis. Previously we reported that interleukin-1beta induces activation of JNK/SAPK and p38 MAPK with concomitant up-regulation of cyclooxygenase (Cox)-2 expression and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis. Our experiments demonstrate that overexpression of DeltaMEKK1 (a constitutively active truncation mutant of MEKK1 containing the C-terminal 324 amino acids) increases Cox-2 expression and PGE2 production which is completely blocked by SC68376, a pharmacologic inhibitor of p38 MAPK. DeltaMEKK1 overexpression results in activation of both c-Jun N-terminal kinases/extracellular signal-regulated kinases (JNK/SAPK) and p38 MAPK. Furthermore, activation of MEKK1 increases SEK1/MKK4 but not MKK3 or MKK6 activity. These findings suggest that MEKK1 --> SEK1/MKK4 may function as an upstream kinase capable of activating both p38 MAPK and JNK/SAPK with subsequent induction of Cox-2 expression and PGE2 production. We also found that overexpression of the constitutively active form of SEK1 (SEK1-ED) increases both p38 MAPK and JNK/SAPK phosphorylation, and increases PGE2 production and Cox-2 expression. By comparison, overexpression of the dominant negative form of SEK1 (SEK1-AL) decreases the phosphorylation of both p38 MAPK and JNK/SAPK and reduces Cox-2 expression. Together, this data suggests a potential role for the MEKK1 --> SEK1/MKK4 --> p38 MAPK -->--> Cox-2 cascade linking members of the MAPK pathway with prostaglandin biosynthesis.

PMID:
9582321
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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