Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 May;31(6):1240-5.

Clinical experience with primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty compared with alteplase (recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator) in patients with acute myocardial infarction: a report from the Second National Registry of Myocardial Infarction (NRMI-2).

Author information

  • 1Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. atiefenbrun@imgate.wustl.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to compare outcomes after primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction (MI).

BACKGROUND:

Primary PTCA and thrombolytic therapy are alternative means of achieving reperfusion in patients with acute MI. The Second National Registry of Myocardial Infarction (NRMI-2) offers an opportunity to study the clinical experience with these modalities in a large patient group.

METHODS:

Data from NRMI-2 were reviewed.

RESULTS:

From June 1, 1994 through October 31, 1995, 4,939 nontransfer patients underwent primary PTCA within 12 h of symptom onset, and 24,705 patients received alteplase (recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator [rt-PA]). When lytic-ineligible patients and patients presenting in cardiogenic shock were excluded, baseline characteristics were similar. The median time from presentation to initiation of rt-PA in the thrombolytic group was 42 min; the median time to first balloon inflation in the primary PTCA group was 111 min (p < 0.0001). In-hospital mortality was higher in patients in shock after rt-PA than after PTCA (52% vs. 32%, p < 0.0001). In-hospital mortality was the same in lytic-eligible patients not in shock: 5.4% after rt-PA and 5.2% after PTCA. The stroke rate was higher after lytic therapy (1.6% vs. 0.7% after PTCA, p < 0.0001), but the combined end point of death and nonfatal stroke was not significantly different between the two groups (6.2% after rt-PA and 5.6% after PTCA). There was no difference in the rate of reinfarction (2.9% after rt-PA and 2.5% after PTCA).

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that in lytic-eligible patients not in shock, PTCA and rt-PA are comparable alternative methods of reperfusion when analyzed in terms of in-hospital mortality, mortality plus nonfatal stroke and reinfarction.

PMID:
9581714
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk