Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Nutr. 1998 Mar;79(3):241-7.

Metabolic and cardiovascular responses to liquid and solid test meals.

Author information

  • 1School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Nottingham Medical School, UK.


There is indirect evidence from previous studies that the physiological responses to a liquid test meal may differ from those seen after consumption of a solid meal. The aim of the present study was to determine the metabolic and cardiovascular responses to isoenergetic high-carbohydrate mixed nutrient liquid or solid test meals, providing 2.1 MJ (approximately 70% of which was from carbohydrate), in eight healthy men following an overnight fast. Metabolic rate increased significantly after both meals (P < 0.0001, time effect), but the increase was significantly greater after the solid than after the liquid test meal (0.40 (SE 0.14), 0.26 (SE 0.10) kJ/min respectively, P = 0.001). The respiratory exchange ratio increased significantly after both the liquid and solid test meals, with no significant differences between them. Forearm blood flow increased significantly after the liquid test meal (0.70 (SE 0.33) ml/100 ml per min, P < 0.0001), whilst it decreased after the solid meal (-0.28 (SE 0.16) ml/100 ml per min, P < 0.0001). Heart rate increased on both occasions, but the response was significantly greater after the solid meal (P = 0.02). There were no significant plasma noradrenaline responses, but there were significantly higher increases in serum insulin and blood glucose following the solid meal. Thus, the physical form of a test meal affects the physiological responses to nutrient ingestion.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Cambridge University Press
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk