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Am J Physiol. 1998 Apr;274(4 Pt 1):C855-60.

Peroxynitrite induces apoptosis of HL-60 cells by activation of a caspase-3 family protease.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Stratford 08084, USA.

Abstract

Apoptosis is an active process critical for the homeostasis of organisms. Enzymes of the caspase family are responsible for executing this process. We have previously shown that peroxynitrite (ONOO-), a biological product generated from the interaction of nitric oxide and superoxide, induces apoptosis of HL-60 cells. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms involved in the execution process of peroxynitrite-induced apoptosis. Proteolytic cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, an indication of caspase-3 family protease activation and an early biochemical event accompanying apoptosis, was observed in a time-dependent manner during peroxynitrite-induced apoptosis of HL-60 cells. Activation of caspase-3 during peroxynitrite-induced apoptosis was substantiated by monitoring proteolysis of the caspase-3 proenzyme and by measuring caspase-3 activity with a fluorogenic substrate. Furthermore, pretreatment of HL-60 cells with N-acetyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-aldehyde, a specific inhibitor of caspase-3, but not N-acetyl-Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp-aldehyde, a specific inhibitor of caspase-1, decreased peroxynitrite-induced apoptosis. These results suggest that the activation of a caspase-3 family protease is essential for initiating the execution process of peroxynitrite-induced apoptosis of HL-60 cells.

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PMID:
9575780
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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